Wat was het grootste literaire werk dat typerend is voor het rationalisme?

Wat was het grootste literaire werk dat typerend is voor het rationalisme?

Het rationalisme werd in de klassieke oudheid voornamelijk vormgegeven door filosofen die sceptisch tegenover de ervaring als kenbron stonden. Hiervan was Plato de bekendste, maar niet de enige.

Wat is het verschil tussen rationalisme en verlichting?

Rationalisten waren ervan overtuigd dat kennis en rede superieur waren aan traditie en geloof. Rationeel denken zou leiden tot vooruitgang. Rationalisme was dan ook het belangrijkste kenmerk van het denken tijdens de Verlichting. Bij het rationalisme was het gebruiken van de rede dus het belangrijkst.

What is Christian rationalism?

According to its adherents, Christian Rationalism deals with physical and psychic phenomena, philosophical and psychological issues, reincarnation, “incorporeal life,” space and the universe, the power of thought, evolution, gods and religions, force and matter, the aura, ethics, family and children.

How did rationalism affect the church in the Middle Ages?

Stirrings of religious rationalism were already felt in the Middle Ages regarding the Christian revelation. Thus, the skeptical mind of Peter Abelard (1079–1142) raised doubts by showing in his Sic et non (“Yes and No”) many contradictions among beliefs handed down as revealed truths by the Church Fathers.

What is a rationalist view of the world?

rationalism, in Western philosophy, the view that regards reason as the chief source and test of knowledge. Holding that reality itself has an inherently logical structure, the rationalist asserts that a class of truths exists that the intellect can grasp directly.

What was the second wave of religious rationalism?

The second wave of religious rationalism, less moderate in tone and consequences, was French. This wave, reflecting an engagement with the problem of natural evil, involved a decay in the natural theology of Deism such that it merged eventually with the stream that led to materialistic atheism.